A type of diabetes that comprises greater than 90 % of 21 million cases in the U.S. is Type two diabetes. Studies show that millions of people have it and that a large number are expected to have it globally by the year 2025. AsType II Diabetes is most common, it does not get the focus that other diseases like cancer or AIDS receive. But, a very large component of our population has it, and it just seems to be getting worse. It has become so bad at this point, that it is now showing up more often in young people.
So, when you get Type 2 Diabetes, what sort of damage does it do to your body? Depending on how healthy you are and the medications you are currently taking for diabetes, the damage might be better or worse. Particular regions of your body that can be damaged due to high blood glucose levels are your kidneys, eyes, and your heart and blood vessels. More severe instances may also result in nerve damage or disease. The kidneys are prone to disease whenthe blood vessels collapse and start to leak. More pressure on the kidneys damage any remaining blood vessels further and eventually cause the kidneys to fail.
Once the kidney’s reach the failure point, dialysis is the next step that a person will permanently be using. The likelihood of getting kidney failure is severe, so the American Diabetes Association, ADA, proposes patients to be screened for protein in the urine each year during diagnosis. Both eyes can be affected by Type II Diabetes as blood vessels at the rear of the eyes begin to swell. This pressure can eventually damage blood vessels to the retina causing them to leak blood therefore blocking vision. Retina damage is irreversible. Because of this, it is recommended that patients be checked yearly for retinopathy.
The blood vessels within important organs, like the heart, are affected when Type 2 diabetes and your health is not properly cared for. Nerve disease is a very frequently observed seen in those with poorly controlled of Type two Diabetes. It affects your ability to determine pressure, pain, and temperature. It especially affects feeling in the lower legs and feet. This is the main problem causing severe damage to your feet. Circulation is poor in the feet and patients cannot tell there is a problem until it is finally too late. Very severe cases require amputation of a toe or even a foot. As a consequence of this severity, it’s recommended by the ADA that those with Type two Diabetes have a comprehensive foot exam yearly.